Data on births, deaths and marriages presented in this release were obtained from the Certificate of Live Birth (Municipal Form 102), Certificate of Death (Municipal Form 103) and Certificate of Marriage (Municipal Form No. 97) that were registered at the Office of the City/Municipal Civil Registrars and forwarded to the Philippine Statistics Authority - Provincial Statistical Offices in Ilocos Region. Information included births, deaths and marriages registered in July to September 2018 and July to September 2019.
The number of registered live births in Ilocos Region during the third quarter of 2019 summed up to 23,895, a slight increase of 0.2 percent compared to 23,839 births in the same period of 2018. The daily average birth occurrence during the third quarter of 2019 was computed at 260 births or an average of 11 babies born per hour. The month of September was observed to have the highest average daily births at 267 and 278 babies during the third quarter of 2018 and 2019, respectively.
The highest number of registered live births during the third quarter of 2018 and 2019 was recorded in the month of September. The percent share of the total births in September to the quarterly totals were 33.6 percent in 2018 and 34.9 percent in 2019.
The month of August was observed to have the least number of registered live births at 7,400 during the third quarter of 2019. In the same period of 2018, July recorded the least of registered live births with a total of 7,838.
Among the provinces in the region, the province of Pangasinan registered the highest number of births in the third quarter of 2019. Its share was more than half (62.1 percent share) of the total registered births in Ilocos Region. The province of La Union ranked second with 3,550 births (14.9 percent share), followed by the province of Ilocos Sur with 2,946 births (12.3 percent share) and the province of Ilocos Norte with 2,570 (10.8 percent share).
In third quarter of 2019, San Carlos City, Pangasinan ranked first among the top ten Cities/Municipalities that registered the highest number of live births with 2,900. This was followed by Dagupan City, Pangasinan with 2,888 births; City of San Fernando, La Union with 1,864 births; City of Urdaneta, Pangasinan with 1,578 births; and City of Alaminos, Pangasinan with 1,233 births. It was also observed that the province of Ilocos Norte has lesser registered births than the total registered births in San Carlos City and Dagupan City in third quarter of 2019.
On the other hand, the municipalities of Carasi of Ilocos Norte, Nagbukel and Sigay of Ilocos Sur had the lowest number of registered live births in third quarter of 2019 with two registered birth each. It was followed by Adams of Ilocos Norte, Gregorio Del Pilar, Lidlidda and San Esteban of Ilocos Sur with three registered live births each, Sudipen, La Union with four births and Burgos, Currimao and Pinili of Ilocos Norte with five registered births each.
Males (12,332) outnumbered females (11,563) in terms of registered live births during the third quarter of 2019, resulting in a sex ratio of 107 males per 100 females.
Three provinces posted a sex ratio that is lower than the regional ratio. The lowest sex ratio of 102 was recorded in Ilocos Sur, followed by Ilocos Norte with 105 and La Union with 106. On the other hand, Pangasinan recorded a sex ratio of 108, higher than the regional sex ratio.
In third quarter of 2019, there were 20,949 or87.7 percent of total registered live births were attended by medical practitioners which may either be a physician, a nurse or a midwife. The province of La Union had the highest percentage of birth deliveries tended by health professionals with 88.9 percent of the total registered live births in the province followed by Pangasinan with 88.6 percent, Ilocos Sur with 84.5 percent and Ilocos Norte with 84.3 percent.
There were 3,334 marriages registered during the third quarter of 2019, showing a decrease of 2.9 percent from the figure in the same period last year of 3,434 marriages.
Three provinces recorded a decrease in the number of registered marriages from third quarter of 2018 to third quarter of 2019. A bigger decrease was noted in Ilocos Norte from 550 to 490 marriages (-10.9 percent), followed by Pangasinan from 1,968 to 1,906 marriages (-3.2 percent), while that of La Union decreased from 476 to 462 marriages (-2.9 percent).
On the other hand, the province that posted an increase in the number of registered marriages was Ilocos Sur from 440 to 476 marriages (8.2 percent).
The number of registered marriages in the province of Pangasinan went down to 1,906 during the third quarter of 2019 from 1,968 in the same quarter of 2018. The province of Pangasinan remained with the most number of registered marriages in the region. Ilocos Norte ranked second with 490 (14.7 percent share) followed by Ilocos Sur with 476 (14.3 percent share). In third quarter of 2018, Ilocos Norte also ranked second with 550 marriages (16.0 percent share) while La Union ranked third with 476 marriages (13.9 percent share).
On the other end, the province of La Union posted the least number of registered marriages during the third quarter of 2019 with 462 (13.9 percent share). In the same period last year, Ilocos Sur recorded the least number of registered marriages with 440 (12.8 percent share).
The month of July was the most preferred month to tie the knot during the third quarter of 2018 and 2019 with a total of 1,385 and 1,521 marriages, respectively. It corresponds to a daily average of 45 and 49 registered marriages respectively which surpassed the regional daily average number during the third quarter of 2018 and 2019. On the other hand, September recorded the least number of marriage occurrences during the third quarter of 2018 and 2019 with a total of 841 and 873 marriages, respectively.
A total of 8,964 deaths were registered during the third quarter of 2019. The figure indicated a decrease of 2.1 percent death occurrences from the 2018 figure of 9,153.
The province of Pangasinan ranked first in terms of the number of registered deaths during the third quarter 2019, with a total of 5,132 or 57.3 percent share of the total registered deaths in the region. La Union placed second with 1,438 registered deaths (16.0 percent share), followed by Ilocos Sur with 1,235 (13.8 percent share) and Ilocos Norte with 1,159 (12.9 percent share).
In the same quarter of 2018, Pangasinan recorded 5,359 deaths or 58.5 percent of the total registered deaths in the region. La Union registered 1,461 (16.0 percent share), Ilocos Sur with 1,191 (13.0 percent share) and Ilocos Norte with 1,142 (12.5 percent share).
Comparing the two periods, Ilocos Sur and Ilocos Norte posted an increase at 3.7 percent and 1.5 percent, respectively. On the other hand, Pangasinan reported the highest percent decrease at 4.2 percent from 5,359 to 5,132 deaths, followed by La Union with 1.6 percent from 1,461 to 1,438 deaths.
The cities of Dagupan, San Fernando, San Carlos, Batac and Urdaneta posted the highest number of registered deaths in third quarter of 2019 with 1,081, 683, 572, 403 and 252 deaths, respectively. On the other hand, the municipalities of Dumalneg, Adams, Carasi, Lidlidda, Dumalneg, Sigay, Sugpon, Gregorio Del Pilar and Nagbukel recorded the least number in terms of the number of registered deaths: Dumalneg with only one registered death; Adams, with two deaths, Carasi and Lidlidda with three death occurrences each. Sigay with four deaths, Sugpon with five deaths and Gregorio Del Pilar and Nagbukel with six deaths each.
During the third quarter of 2019, mortality was at its peak in the month of September with total registered deaths of 3,121. This figure was more than one-third of the regional quarterly total of 8,964 death occurrences. The number of deaths in the month of September 2019 translates to an average of 104 death occurrences per day. The figure was higher than the daily average death occurrences in the region which is 97. August 2019 posted the lowest number of registered deaths with 2,843 in third quarter of 2019.
In the same period of 2018, the highest number of registered deaths was recorded in the month of August with 3,355 death occurrences, followed by the month of September with 2,902. The smallest number of registered deaths was in July with 2,896. During the third quarter of 2018, August has the highest daily average of 108 death occurrences followed by September with a daily average of 97 death occurrences.
There were more death occurrences among males (5,051) than females (3,913) in Ilocos Region during the third quarter of 2019. The computed sex ratio during the quarter was 129 male deaths for every 100 female deaths.
Pangasinan posted the highest sex ratio with 134, Ilocos Norte ranked second with 131 and followed by La Union with 122. The lowest computed sex ratio of 118 male deaths per 100 female deaths was noted in Ilocos Sur.
Vital statistics are derived from information obtained at the time when the occurrences of vital events and their characteristics are inscribed in a civil register.
Vital acts and events are the births, deaths, fetal deaths, marriages, and all such events that have something to do with an individual’s entrance and departure from life together with the changes in civil status that may occur to a person during his lifetime. Recording of these events in the civil register is known as a vital or civil registration and the resulting documents are called vital records.
The structure of vital statistics system
The production of vital statistics comprised of the system of operation in which the registration of vital events is an important component. The system begins with the registration followed by processing and controlling of vital records and ends with the compilation and analysis of vital statistics.
Under commonwealth Act 591, the Bureau of Census (now PSA) is mandated to generate general purpose statistics and to carry out administer Act No. 3753.
Under the same law, the head of the NSO (now part of PSA) is also the Civil Registrar General (CRG) who directs and supervises the local civil registration activities in the country. The CRG in this regard is empowered to issue implementing rules and regulation on civil registration for proper compliance and, to design and order the printing of the necessary forms.
The vital statistics system involves different entities and cutting across different departments and personalities.
For the registration of vital events, the Local Civil Registry Offices (LCROs), which are the registration units in the country and headed by the City/Municipal Civil Registrars (C/MCRs), are under the Local Government Units (LGUs). The hospitals, clinics, rural health units and similar institutions including barangay secretaries, practicing physicians, midwives, nurses, traditional midwives, solemnizing officers from various religious sects and denomination are required to assists in the reporting of vital events for registration at the LCROs. The concerned parents, next of kin, contracting parties, witness or the person who has full knowledge of the occurrence of the events are also required to report the event, in default of the first mentioned set of informants.
The processing and controlling of vital documents are done at the LCROs and at the PSA Provincial and Central Offices.
The compilation and analysis of vital statistics is taken cared of by PSA central offices under the Vital Statistics Division (VSD) of the Civil Registration Service Office.
The Registration Method
As mandated in Act 3753, all vital events that marked the entry and departure of a person of his lifetime and the changes in his/her civil status shall be registered. The registration method is defined as continuous, permanent and compulsory recording of the occurrences and characteristics of vital events, primarily for their value as legal documents and secondary for their usefulness as a source of statistics.
Where to register the event
As a general rule, vital events should be registered at the LCRO where the events occur. In special cases, where the document about a vital event is presented to the LCRO which is not the place of occurrence, the same maybe accepted and is considered as out-of-town reporting. However, such documents should not be registered by the receiving LCRO. It must be forwarded to the LCRO where the event took place for purpose of registration.
Definition of terms and Concepts
This section presents the significant terminologist and descriptions in the foregoing highlights and tables are defined below. Included are some items found in the certificates and summary measure used in the certificates and summary used in the describing the facts of events.
Vital statistics on the other hand, are derived from information obtained at the time when the occurrences of vital events and their characteristics are inscribed in a civil register.
Live Birth is a complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of conception, irrespective of the duration of the pregnancy, which after such separation, breathes or shows any other evidence of life, such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of the voluntary muscles, whether or not the umbilical cord has been cut or the placenta is attached: each product of such a birth is considered live born.
Marriage is a special contract of permanent union between a man and a woman entered into in accordance with law for the establishment of conjugal and family life. It is the foundation of the family, a social institution that is governed by law and not subject to stipulation.
Death is a permanent disappearance of evidence of life. A fetus with intrauterine life of seven months or more and born alive at the time it was completely delivered from the maternal womb but died later shall be considered as death and shall be registered.
SGD. ATTY. SHEILA O. DE GUZMAN
(Chief Administrative Officer)