Region I’s Palay Production declined while Corn Output grew In 1st Quarter 2016

Issue No.: 

Issue No. 11, Series of 2016

Release Date: 

Wednesday, June 1, 2016
Results from the Palay and Corn Production Survey, April 2016 Round
Palay production in Region I for the 1st quarter 2016 went down, while corn productionposted positive growth as compared to their respective levels in 1st quarter 2015. 
Palay 
Region I’s output in palay production was posted at 317,496 metric tons in 1st quarter2016. This was 3.1 percent lower than the output in the 1st quarter 2015 due to lower production of irrigated palay. The provinces of Ilocos Norte, La Union and Pangasinanregistered negative growths of 16.5 percent, 9.6 percent, 0.9 percent, respectively, while output of Ilocos Sur grew by 13.7 percent. Meanwhile, harvest area decreased from 70,819 hectares in 1st quarter 2015 to 68,672 hectares in 1st quarter 2016. Also, the yield in metric ton per hectare was lower by 0.1 percent from 4.63 to 4.62.
 
 
 
The province of Pangasinan, which shared 71.4 percent of the total palay production in Region I, registered a 0.9 percent decline in output in 1st quarter 2016. From its production of 228,872 metric tons in 1st quarter 2015, it went down to 226,757 metric tons in 1st quarter 2016. Harvest area of the province decreased by 0.3 percent from 49,489 hectares to 49,347 hectares due to insufficient water caused by El Niño phenomenon. Thus, yield per hectare declined from 4.62 metric tons in 1
quarter 2015 to 4.60 metric tons in 1st quarter 2016.
 
The province of Ilocos Norte, which ranked second in terms of volume of production during the 1st quarter 2016, also experienced decline in output by 16.5 percent. From the 53,050 metric tons production in 1st Quarter 2015, it went down to 44,306 metric tons in 1st quarter 2016. There was delayed release of irrigation water, thereby, harvest area contracted to 9,140 hectares from 10,971 hectares in 1st quarter 2015. However, yield improved from 4.84 metric tons per hectare to 4.85 metric tons per hectare which can be attributed to increased utilization of hybrid seeds from DA-LGUs and the High Yielding Technology Adoption (HYTA) Program of DA-RFO I.
               
Among the provinces of Region I, only Ilocos Sur posted positive growth in palayproduction during the 1st quarter 2016. From its output of 21,274 metric tons in 1st quarter 2015, it grew to 24,189 metric tons in 1st quarter 2016. More areas were harvested along the service areas of the Banaoang Pump Irrigation Project (BPIP). Sustained use of hybrid seeds from the Provincial Government of Ilocos Sur, DA-LGUS,and DA-RFO I was also noted.
 
Palay production in La Union went down by 9.6 percent from 24,609 metric tons in 1st quarter 2015 to 22,244 metric tons in 1st quarter 2016. Lesser areas were harvested in some parts of the municipalities of Balaoan and Luna due to late release of irrigation water from NIS Amburayan. Yield also dropped from 4.48 metric tons per hectare in 1st quarter 2015 to 4.44 metric tons per hectare in 1st quarter 2016 due to insufficient irrigation water from other sources like SWIP and SDD.
  In terms of area harvested, the province of Pangasinan has the largest with a share of 71.9 percent to the total harvested area of palay in Region I in 1st quarter 2016. It was followed by Ilocos Norte with 13.3 percent, Ilocos Sur with 7.5 percent, and La Union with 7.3 percent. 
Almost all the harvested areas of palay in 1st quarter 2016 were irrigated with 99.2 percent of the total palay area of the region.  
Corn
 
Corn production in Region I for the 1st Quarter 2016 increased by 1.2 percent. From its output of 312,396 metric tons in 1st quarter 2015, it grew to 315,992 metric tons in 1st quarter 2016. The overall harvest area expanded by 0.7 percent from 53,537 hectares in 1st quarter 2015 to 53,896 hectares in 1st quarter 2016 due to the increased area of yellow corn. Yield in metric ton per hectare also improved from 5.84 to 5.86. All the provinces of the region posted increases in output. 
 

 

The province of Pangasinan shared the bulk of corn harvest in Region I in 1st quarter 2016. The overall harvest area of the province expanded to 35,018 hectares from 34,801 hectares in 1st quarter 2015 due to more plantings of yellow corn. The overall yield increased by 0.1 percent due to sustained use of high yielding varieties.
 
The province of Ilocos Sur, which ranked second in terms of volume of production, also registered positive growth of 3.5 percent. From its output of 43,171 metric tons in 1st quarter 2015, it went up to 44,688 metric tons in 1st quarter 2016. Early plantings of yellow corn were made to catch up with the availability of water from STWs, and availability of free seeds from the provincial government, and subsidized seeds from DA-LGUs and RFO I. The increased usage of hybrid seeds, and presence of scattered rainfall can also be attributed in the improvement of the overall yield of the province from 5.74 metric tons per hectare to 5.81 metric tons per hectare.
 
The corn production of Ilocos Norte also grew from 39,158 metric tons in 1st quarter 2015 to 39,652 metric tons in 1st quarter 2016. Increased harvest area of yellow corn was noted due to shifting from white corn and garlic. The overall yield of the province, in metric ton per hectare, also improved from 5.07 to 5.12. 
 
The province of La Union posted increase in output from 18,513 metric tons in 1st quarter 2015 to 18,599 metric tons in 1st quarter 2016. The overall harvest area of the province decreased by 1.2 percent, but the yield improved from 5.30 metric tons per hectare to 5.39 metric tons per hectare which can be attributed to increased usage of hybrid varieties.
 
In terms of harvest area, the province of Pangasinan has the largest harvested area of corn in 1st quarter 2016. It shared 65.0 percent to the total harvest area of Region I. Meanwhile, corn areas of the region were mostly planted with yellow corn in 1st quarter 2016.
 

TECHNICAL NOTES

The Palay and Corn Production Survey (PCPS) covers sample farming households in sample barangays in all provinces. Starting this 2016, Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental are included in Negros Island Region (NIR). The PCPS is conducted quarterly with the quarters as the reference periods, as follows:

            April Round Survey - January to March

            July Round Survey - April to June

           October Round Survey - July to September

          January Round Survey - October to December

  • The objective of the survey is to generate estimates and forecasts on palay/cornarea, production and yield.
  • The purpose of this survey is to provide data inputs for policy and programs on rice and corn.
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Division/Unit: 

Region I