Population increased at the rate of 1.01 percent annually
Based on the 2015 Census of Population (POPCEN2015), the City of San Fernando, La Union posted a total population of 121,219 persons as of August 1, 2015. This is an increase of 6,256persons over the total population of 114,963 persons in 2010 CPH. The increase in the population count from 2010 to 2015 translated to an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 1.01 percent. This is lower than the 1.19 percent annual PGR of the city between the census years 2000 and 2010.
Population increased by 10 persons per year for every 1,000 persons
The increase in the population count in the City ofSan Fernando from 2010 to 2015 translated to an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 1.01 percent. This means that there were about 10 persons added per year for every 1,000 persons in the population. The annual PGR was lower at 1.19 percent during the period 2000 to 2010 and at 1.85 percent during the period 1990 to 2000. If the average annual PGR recorded at 1.01 percent during the period 2010 to 2015 continues, the population of City of San Fernando, La Union would double in 68 years. Fifty five years ago, the population of City of San Fernando, La Union was only 37,836 persons. This population size is almost one-third of the population in the 2015 Census of Population.
Barangay Sevilla was the most populous in 2015
Among the 59 barangays in the City of San Fernando, La Union, Barangay Sevilla was the most populous with a population size making up 9.45 percent of the total city population. Barangay Catbangen was second with 8.06 percent share, followed by barangay Lingsatwith 6.00 percent, Poro with 5.45 percent, Tanqui with 4.11 percent and Biday with3.26 percent. The least populated area was Barangay III Poblacion with 0.29 percentshare to the total population of the city (347 persons).
Females outnumbered males at sex ratio of 99
Of the 121,219-household population in 2015, males accounted for 49.83 percent while females comprised 50.17 percent. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 99 males for every 100 females, a slight increase in sex ratio of 98 recorded in 2010.
Median age increased to 28.24 years
In 2015, the median age of the population in the City of San Fernando was 28.24 years, which means that half of the population was younger than 28.24 years. This is higher than the median age of 24 years that was recorded in 2010. Children aged 15 to 19 years (9.53 percent) comprised the largest age group, followed by those in the age groups 10 to 14 years (9.21 percent) and 20 to 24 years (9.17 percent). Males outnumbered females in the age groups 0 to 24 years and 35 to 49 years. On the other hand, there were more females than males in the older age groups (50 years and over).
More than three fifths of the total population were of voting age
The voting-age population (18 years and over) accounted for 68.48 percent of the household population of the city in 2015, up from 66.25 percent in 2010. There were more females (51.34 percent) than males (48.66 percent) among the voting-age population.
Dependency ratio decreased to 48 dependents per 100 persons in the working age group
In 2015, the young dependents (0 to 14 years) comprised 25.90 percent of the household population while the old dependents (65 years and over) posted a share of 6.49 percent. The working-age population (15 to 64 years) accounted for the remaining 67.61 percent. The overall dependency ratio was 48, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there were about 48 dependents (38 young dependents and 10 old dependents). This ratio is lower than the dependency ratio in 2010, which was recorded at 51 dependents per 100 working-age population.
There were more males than females among the never-married persons
Of the household population 10 years old and over, 42.28 percent were married while 42.02 percent were never married. The rest of the population were categorized as follows: widowed (5.08 percent), common-law/live-in marital arrangement (8.88 percent), and divorced/separated (1.72 percent). Among the never married persons, 53.31 percent were males while 46.69 percent were females. For the rest of the categories for marital status, the females outnumbered the males.
More females had attained higher levels of education
Of the total population aged five years and over, 21.86 percent had attended or completed elementary education, 37.40 percent had reached or finished high school, 2.94 percent had attended or finished post-secondary schooling,12.96 percent were college undergraduates, and 20.18 percent were academic degree holders. Among those with an academic degree, the females (55.62 percent) outnumbered the males (44.38 percent). Similarly, more females (60.17 percent) than males (39.83 percent) had pursued post baccalaureate courses.
Literacy rate was posted at 99.56 percent
Of the household population age 10 years old and over, 99.56 percent were literate. Among those who were literate, males (49.35 percent) slightly outnumbered the females (50.65 percent).
Seven in every ten school age population currently attending school
Of the 44,289-household population 5-24 years, 72.02 percent were attending school. Of those persons reported to be attending school, 31.95 percent were aged 5-9 years, 34.29 percent were aged 10-14 years, 27.13 percent were aged 15-19 years, and the remaining 6.63 percent were between 20-24 years.
Roman Catholics accounted for 89.43 percent of San Fernando’s total population
Among the total population in San Fernando City, La Union in 2015, 89.43 percent reported Roman Catholic as their religious affiliation. The next largest religious affiliation in the city was the Iglesiani Cristo with 2.95 percent. This was followed by Evangelicals (Philippine Council of Evangelical Churches) with 2.28 percent, Bible Baptist Church with 0.76 percent, and Jehova’s Witness with 0.75 percent.
Average household size was 4.3 persons
The number of households in 2015 was recorded at 28,505, higher by 2,351 households compared with the 26,154 households posted in 2010. The average household size in 2015 was 4.3 persons, lower than the average household size of 4.4 persons in 2010.
- Population growth rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given period due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population.
- Total population - the sum of the household population and institutional population. It also includes Filipinos in Philippine embassies, consulates, and missions abroad
- Household population - comprises of persons who belong to a household, the basic criterion of which is the usual place of residence or the place where the person usually resides
- Institutional population - the population enumerated in collective or institutional living quarters such as: dormitories/lodging houses, jails/prisons, military camps, convents/seminaries, and mental hospitals
- Household - a social unit consisting of a person living alone or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have a common arrangement in the preparation and consumption of food
- Average household size - the average number of persons who live in the household, computed as the household population in a given area divided by the corresponding total number of households in that area
- Head of the household - an adult person, male or female, who is responsible for the organization and care of the household, or who is regarded as such by the members of the household
- Sex ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population, expressed as the number of males per 100 females
- Age - the interval of time between a person’s date of birth and the census reference date (1 August 2015). Expressed in completed years (as of last birthday), it is recorded in whole number
- Median age - the age at which exactly half of the population is younger than this age and the other half is older than it
- Overall dependency ratio - the ratio of persons in the dependent ages (under 15 years old and over 64 years old) to persons in the economically active or working ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population
- Marital status - the personal status of each individual with reference to the marriage laws or customs of the country
- Religious affiliation - a particular system of beliefs, attitudes, emotions, and behaviors constituting man’s relationship with the powers and principalities of the universe
- School attendance rate - the proportion of persons 5 to 24 years old who were attending school during the School Year June 2015 to March 2016 to school-age population (5 to 24 years old)
- Simple literacy rate - the proportion of persons aged 10 years and over who are able to read and write a simple message in any language or dialect
- Highest grade / year completed - the highest grade or year completed in school, college or university
- Usual activity / occupation - the kind of job or business, which a person aged 15 years and over was engaged in most of the time during the 12 months preceding the census
- Overseas worker - a household member (15 years old and over) who is out of the country due to an overseas employment
The 2015 Census of Population (POPCEN 2015) was undertaken by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) in August 2015 as mandated by Republic Act No. 10625, otherwise known as the Philippine Statistics Act of 2013. It was the 14th census of population that was undertaken since the first census in 1903. POPCEN 2015 was designed to take an inventory of the total population all over the Philippines and collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the POPCEN 2015 was August 1, 2015 (12:01 a.m.). POPCEN 2015 made use of the de jure concept of enumeration wherein households and persons are enumerated in the area where they usually reside as of the census reference date. Enumeration lasted for about 25 days, from 10 August to 6 September 2015. Enumeration was extended until 15 September 2015 for large provinces and some highly urbanized cities.
NIÑO E. TUAZON
(Supervising Statistical Specialist)